The Butler Scholarly Journal


  1. Should memorials last for time immemorial? No, and when they should end.

    We are past the poppy. Remembrance Day, in so far as it looks to commemorate the soldiers of the First and Second World War, is no longer important to British society. Its value as an act of Remembrance is exhausted. Yet, each year, we pay homage to its badly-framed discourse, strangulated by its centennial tentacles […]

  2. Bob Marley: Natural Mystic, Smiling Jamaican, and Third World Superstar

    “There will come a day when music and its philosophy will become the religion of humanity…If there remains any magic it is music.” –Robert Nesta Marley, 1979   Bob Marley’s sound is a timeless marvel. His hypnotic voice accompanied by rhythmic melodies and soothing harmonies is somehow hard-hitting and relaxing at the same time. Not […]

  3. Is a fed bear really a dead bear?

    Is a Fed Bear Really a Dead Bear? For years, around 300 million visitors to the National Parks of the United States are repeatedly told to not feed the wildlife. For years, around 300 million visitors to the National Parks of the United States are repeatedly tempted to offer White-tailed Deer and Black Bears alike […]

  4. Bob Dylan-Voice of his Generation and Late-Modernist Alien

    Although Bob Dylan is more often discussed as a musician, as the ‘song and dance man’ he once described himself as [1], his 2016 Nobel Prize Award draws attention to the literary qualities of his work. From the first publishing of his complete lyrics in The Lyrics 1961-2012 in 2016 to Christopher Ricks’ colossal book […]

  5. Silence, Speechlessness, and Freedom in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter.

    Nathaniel Hawthorne’s  The Scarlet Letter (1850) is a portrait of life in 17th Century Puritan New England. This follows Hester Prynne, who has borne a child through an affair, and explores her struggle to find peace and freedom despite the hardships she faces as a result of Puritan law and expectations. ‘Silence and speechlessness’ is […]

  6. Corbyn’s Pragmatic Populism

    “Comrade Corbyn. Loony lefty. Bearded Trot.” The British right-wing press routinely depicts Jeremy Corbyn as someone who will establish a Marxist administration over the United Kingdom should he become Prime Minister (Cammaerts et al 2016: 9). An outlier in the Labour Party for many years following his election to parliament in 1983, few predicted his […]

  7. Is Poverty Sexist?

    A new and insidious trend in global poverty has developed, as the burden of destitutions is becoming increasingly gendered. This phenomenon, known as the ‘feminisation of poverty’, is characterised by the disproportionate representation of women amongst the world’s poor and is rapidly intensifying. In spite of the United Nations’ pledge to ensure children of both […]

  8. Repealing the Eighth: Ireland, Gender Stereotypes, and Abortion Law

    Ireland is to have a referendum on repealing the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution, which recognises the right to life of the unborn as equal to that of the pregnant person.[1] Ireland has one of the most restrictive abortion laws in Europe, permitting abortion to be carried out only where the pregnant person’s life is […]

  9. Queering Healthy Eating

    Challenges to assumptions about what it means to be ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’ are commendable, but usually rely on an understanding of sex as the fixed, biological basis upon which flexible, sociological ‘gender’ is constructed. Judith Butler asks us to question this understanding. She writes that “gender must also designate the very apparatus of production whereby […]